Electrical Installation Scheme for Hotel Rooms: Electrical Layout plan for a typical guest room
Many investors turn to us with the question, how to plan electrical installations for a typical hotel room and what works best in practice? Our most common advice is to keep things simple and uncomplicated for the guest. We believe that good technical solutions have to remain “invisible” for the guest. This means that they should function “smoothly” and should not disturb the guest’s stay in the hotel or suite.
In our opinion, the hotel system must be “intelligent” enough, yet not too intelligent. We have all heard of hotel systems that were so modern and difficult to use that the guests have practically stopped using them.
How to plan electrical installations for a hotel?
This post tries to answer the question how to plan electrical installations for a hotel room in order to keep automation simple and user friendly? We advise our clients to answer the following questions:
- Which functions provide extra comfort for the guests and improve their user experience?
- Which functions reduce extra comfort for the guests and diminish their user experience?
We ask these questions because not everything that is possible (to implement) is necessary (to implement). However, everything necessary can usually be implemented!
Electrical Installations for a standard Hotel Room
Below is our example of the most appropriate electrical installation solution for a hotel room or suite.
Electrical installations were divided into four groups:
- hotel systems and locks,
- plug sockets,
List of lights in the hotel room:
- welcome light (a light that turns on automatically for a few seconds after entering the room)
- bathroom light – 1
- bathroom light – 2
- central light
- work lamp (on the work table)
- floor lamp
- bed lamp – left
- bed lamp – right
List of plug sockets in the hotel room:
- refrigerator socket*
- mobile phone socket*
- nightstand socket – right
- nightstand socket – left
- floor lamp socket
- TV socket
- free sockets (3x)
List of switches in the hotel room:
- welcome light switch
- central light switch (4x – entrance, bed left, bed right, next to work table)
- bed switch – right
- bed switch – left
- central light switch
- balcony light
- external blinds
- work lamp
*Sockets marked with a star remain active after the card had been removed from the energy saving switch and the power for other power consumers has been cut.
The introduced configuration can be extended or cut down on. All depending on the requirements of the investor and the type of guests he/she wishes to attract.
Electricity Layout Plan – Circuits and Loops for Light, Switches, Sockets
The picture below shows the electrical scheme of a hotel room
- First circuit F1
- Second circuit F2
- Third circuit F3
- Fourth circuit F4
- Fifth circuit F5
- Sixth circuit F6
- Seventh circuit F7
The Thermostat (TE) is always exposed to constant tension (L).
The energy saving switch (KO) is always exposed to constant tension (L). The energy saving switch turns on the remaining energy consumers after the appropriate RFID hotel room card has been inserted into the switch.
A pair sockets is always exposed to constant tension (L). These are most commonly used for ongoing functioning of the refrigerator (V1) and for the charging of the mobile phone (V2).
Welcome light with a time relay, which turns on the welcome light L1 for a pre-set period of time (e.g. 30 seconds) after the door has been opened.
Includes the remaining sockets in the room (from V3 to V9) and the bathroom socket (VK). These are active, if the right RFID hotel room card is inserted in the energy saving switch.
Includes the central light, which can be turned on at 5 different locations:
- at the entrance or in the room’s entrance hall,
- by the bed – right side,
- by the bed – left side,
- next to the work table or thermostat,
- by the balcony door / window.
Includes power consumers in the bathroom, bathroom light 1, bathroom light 2 and a ventilator.
The first loop (circuit) includes the central light, which can be turned on at 5 different locations:
- at the entrance or in the room’s entrance hall with the S1 switch
- by the bed – on the right side with the S5 switch
- by the bed – on the left side with the S6 switch
- next to the work table or thermostat with the S2 switch
- by the balcony door / window with the S9 switch.
Includes the right bed light with an additional S3 switch.
includes the left bed light with an additional S4 switch.
includes the work lamp with the S10 switch next to the table.
includes the balcony lamp and blinds with a double switch S7 and S8 (the second part of the switch is for the central light from the first loop).
loop includes the bathroom light 1(ceiling), the ceiling lamp in the bathroom 2 (mirror) and a ventilator with a triple switch S11, S12, S13 located in the hall in front of the bathroom.
includes the welcome light with a time relay, which turns on the welcome light L1 for a pre-set period of time (e.g. 30 seconds) after the door has been opened. The welcome light can be turned on with the S0 switch at the entrance, but only if the card has been inserted into the energy saving switch (KO).
Download the Electrical layout Plan for *FREE*
Here you can copy or print the above documents that can help you plan your hotel room or suite. Furthermore, they also represent a great basis for communication and planning between the investor and the electrical design engineer.
Hotel room picture with a map key for hotel automation, sockets, lights and switches.